Center for Pediatric Nursing Research & Evidence-Based Practice


Sedation Practices of Neonates Receiving Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation.

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ASAIO journal (American Society for Artificial Internal Organs : 1992)

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Neonatal sedation practices during extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) are not well described and no universal guidelines exist. Current literature describes types of medications used in adult and pediatric ECMO patients, but to our knowledge no data is published on neonatal specific median daily dose requirements or descriptions of sedation practices. The objective of this study is to examine the types and median doses of sedation utilized and to describe sedation practices for neonatal patients requiring ECMO support. This study was a descriptive, retrospective analysis of sedation practices in a single center newborn/infant intensive care unit (N/IICU) from 2012 to 2016. Subjects included all neonates who required ECMO support in the N/IICU for >24 hours. Data were collected from 87 patients and showed the median daily dose of opioids converted to intravenous morphine equivalents was 1.2, 2.0, and 3.4 mg/kg on ECMO days 1, 7, and 14, respectively. The most commonly used continuous medication infusions included morphine, midazolam, and hydromorphone. Dexmedetomidine was used in eight patients and ketamine in two patients. Doses of opioids and sedatives typically escalated over time. Pain scores did not correlate with sedation or analgesic administrations.


Analgesics, Opioid, Deep Sedation, Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation, Female, Humans, Hypnotics and Sedatives, Infant, Infant, Newborn, Male, Retrospective Studies

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