Center for Advanced Practice


Lactation Experience of Mothers and Feeding Outcomes of Infants with Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia.

Publication Title

Breastfeed Med

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PubMed ID



Objective: This study explores the congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) infant-mother dyad with regard to maternal lactation outcomes and infant exposure to a human milk diet. Study Design: This was a retrospective descriptive cohort study conducted at Children's Hospital of Philadelphia. A total of 149 infants born with CDH and admitted to the Newborn/Infant Intensive Care Unit (N/IICU) were included in the study. Results: Of 149 mothers, 141 (95%) initiated pumping for their CDH infants. At discharge from the N/IICU, 79% (n = 118) of infants were being fed human milk. Among those discharged on human milk, 55% (n = 65) were discharged being fed unfortified human milk with 9% (n = 11) being fed unfortified maternal hind milk. Conclusion: This research demonstrates that mothers of CDH infants can effectively establish and maintain a complete milk supply and that the majority of infants with CDH can receive a human milk diet for the entire hospital stay.


Breast Feeding, Breast Milk Expression, Female, Hernias, Diaphragmatic, Congenital, Humans, Infant, Infant, Newborn, Intensive Care Units, Neonatal, Lactation, Male, Milk, Human, Mothers, Patient Discharge, Prospective Studies



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