Center for Advanced Practice


Preventing Catheter-Associated Urinary Tract Infections in the Pediatric Intensive Care Unit.

Publication Title

Critical care nurse

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PubMed ID



BACKGROUND: Catheter-associated urinary tract infections are common health care-associated infections and have been associated with increased mortality, morbidity, length of stay, and cost. Prevention strategies are grouped into bundles focused on reducing unnecessary catheter use and promptly removing urinary catheters. Before intervention in the study institution, no urinary catheters were unnecessarily used and compliance with the catheter-associated urinary tract infection bundle was 84%.

OBJECTIVE: To increase bundle compliance by using targeted rounds specifically focused on eliminating dependent loops in drainage tubing and ensuring appropriate catheter use to reduce the incidence of catheter-associated urinary tract infections.

METHODS: A multidisciplinary team was formed to identify misperceptions, highlight best practices, and eliminate barriers to success over 1 year in a single pediatric intensive care unit. The team completed a quality improvement project of daily targeted rounding for patients with an indwelling urinary catheter. The goals were to assess appropriateness of catheterization, increase bundle compliance, and decrease catheter-associated urinary tract infection risk. Targeted rounds were conducted in addition to the medical team rounds.

RESULTS: Bundle compliance supported by targeted rounding increased from 84% to 93% and helped reduce the overall catheter-associated urinary tract infection rate from 2.7 infections per 1000 catheter-days at baseline to 0. This change was sustained for 1 year.

CONCLUSION: Targeted rounding for pediatric patients with an indwelling urinary catheter is an effective and sustainable strategy to reduce catheter-associated urinary tract infections. The ease of implementation for this intervention lends itself to generalizability to other patient populations.


Adolescent, Catheter-Related Infections, Catheters, Indwelling, Child, Child, Preschool, Cross Infection, Female, Georgia, Humans, Infant, Infant, Newborn, Intensive Care Units, Pediatric, Male, Practice Guidelines as Topic, Preventive Medicine, Urinary Catheterization, Urinary Tract Infections



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