Center for Advanced Practice


Genetics etiologies and genotype phenotype correlations in a cohort of individuals with central conducting lymphatic anomaly.

Publication Title

European journal of human genetics : EJHG

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PubMed ID



Central conducting lymphatic anomaly (CCLA) is a heterogenous disorder caused by disruption of central lymphatic flow that may result in dilation or leakage of central lymphatic channels. There is also a paucity of known genetic diagnoses associated with CCLA. We hypothesized that specific genetic syndromes would have distinct lymphatic patterns and this would allow us to more precisely define CCLA. As a first step toward "precision lymphology", we defined the genetic conditions associated with CCLA by performing a retrospective cohort study. Individuals receiving care through the Jill and Mark Fishman Center for Lymphatic Disorders at the Children's Hospital of Philadelphia between 2016 and 2019 were included if they had a lymphangiogram and clinical genetic testing performed and consented to a clinical registry. In our cohort of 115 participants, 26% received a molecular diagnosis from standard genetic evaluation. The most common genetic etiologies were germline and mosaic RASopathies, chromosomal abnormalities including Trisomy 21 and 22q11.2 deletion syndrome, and PIEZO1-related lymphatic dysplasia. Next, we analyzed the dynamic contrast magnetic resonance lymphangiograms and found that individuals with germline and mosaic RASopathies, mosaic KRASopathies, PIEZO1-related lymphatic dysplasia, and Trisomy 21 had distinct central lymphatic flow phenotypes. Our research expands the genetic conditions associated with CCLA and genotype-lymphatic phenotype correlations. Future descriptions of CCLA should include both genotype (if known) and phenotype to provide more information about disease (gene-CCLA). This should be considered for updated classifications of CCLA by the International Society of Vascular Anomalies.


Cohort Studies, Down Syndrome, Genetic Association Studies, Ion Channels, Lymphatic Abnormalities, Phenotype, Retrospective Studies



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